Scottish Gaelic, A.D. 1100 & the Survival of Languages
Here is a map of the linguistic situation in the north of Great Britain at the start of the 12th century.
Let’s see where the political situation stood at the time: King Edgar ”The Valiant,” who had won the Scottish throne through battle, was in the middle of his brief reign. In England, Henry I was crowned king in 1100; he chose a Scottish princess, Matilda, as his queen. In Norway, Magnus III, “Barelegs” (because he wore a Celtic kilt) sat on the throne; he is sometimes regarded as the last Viking king.
All these kingdoms were struggling to establish centralized authority and connect their peoples to the emerging culture of western Europe. The linguistic map of Scotland reveals a land claimed by rival peoples. In the next several days, RT will post on the development of Scottish languages in the following centuries. People speak the language of their rulers, don’t they, after all? RT
Map: Legend–turquoise, Scottish Gaelic; dark pink, Norse-Gaelic; green, Cumbrian; light purple, Old English. WikiCmns. CC 1.2 SA, attribution. Author: (original map) SuperGolden; (this version) Chabacano. Source: Image:Mormaerdoms.svg + info of Image:SCOTLANG1100.PNG.