The critically endangered Darwin’s Fox (Lycalopex fulvipes) is found only on the Chiloe Islands and the nearby Chilean mainland. Although Lycalopex is a canine, it is not a fox and only distantly related to wolves–and yes, it was first described by Charles Darwin in 1834, during his renowned voyage aboard the Beagle.
With a “vast” diet, DF nonetheless depends on Chiloe’s primary rainforest; the forest is being cut on the islands. More important, however, may be the introduction of wild dogs into the area. About 320 Darwin Foxes live in the wild, according to the World Conservation Union.
Photo: A male Darwin’s fox in western coast of Chiloe, Chile; Author: Fernando Borques (uploaded by Lin linao). WikiCmns; Public Domain.